Choosing which lots of shares to sell can greatly impact the investment taxes you pay. Using our TaxMin cost basis accounting method, we go beyond the industry standard (FIFO). We intelligently liquidate each of your lots when you withdraw to minimize your capital gains.
Betterment is the only investing platform to offer real-time tax information. Tax Impact Preview shows an estimate of the taxes you may owe before you change your allocation or make a withdrawal. This encourages smart investor behavior, and can ultimately increase your after-tax returns.
We only invest in exchange-traded funds (ETFs), which are generally more tax‑efficient compared to mutual funds. ETFs combine low-cost indexing and tax efficiency to offer a truly flexible, modern investment product.
We tax-optimize your asset location at multiple levels. If you use a Tax-Coordinated Portfolio (TCP), we optimize across multiple accounts. Without TCP, we optimize at the account level by placing municipal bonds in your taxable accounts, where they will pay income exempt from federal tax, and by placing core bonds in your IRA accounts, where they can grow tax‑free.
We use every cash flow and dividend to rebalance your portfolio, which reduces the need to sell shares to rebalance. This can lower your capital gains tax over time, and maintains the risk and return of your portfolio without you lifting a finger. Plus, our sophisticated infrastructure will never cause short-term capital gains when rebalancing.