Every year brings changes that can impact the ways financial markets perform—and your ability to save money and grow it.
It pays to understand how these developments will impact you now, and how they’ll affect your goals.
Here are three changes that will likely have a direct impact on your finances in 2016.
1. Higher Interest Rates
The Federal Reserve just raised short-term interest rates from 0.25% to 0.50%, the first such move since the financial crisis began in 2008. The Fed increases interest rates when it sees the U.S. economy improving.
While it’s impossible to know the Fed’s direction from here, much of its decision will depend on the health of the U.S. economy.
According to the New York Times, indicators such as unemployment figures and inflation rates assist in the Fed’s opinions. Global market volatility also impacts U.S. markets, so the Fed will maintain or move rates up or down accordingly.
How This Impacts You: A rise in interest rates can be a short-term knock for stocks and bonds. Higher rates can make cash a more attractive investment option relative to bonds and stocks, and the higher interest rates at which companies are forced to borrow can flow to their bottom lines, reducing profits.
The biggest impact of higher rates is on borrowers with adjustable-rate debt. A general rule of thumb when the Fed raises rates is that yields on savings and investments will improve, while the cost of debt and the finance charges tied to variable-rate credit cards will increase. So, when possible, prioritize paying off high-interest debt.
2. More Expensive Health Insurance
For those seeking coverage at healthcare.gov under the Affordable Care Act, the cost of a benchmark plan will rise by 7.5% this year, according to a recent report by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services.
Also according to the report, there is a wide spectrum of changes to premiums on the site, which is used by 37 states without their own sites for people to purchase coverage. For instance, premiums are expected to increase by 36% in Oklahoma, yet decline by 13% in Indiana.
How This Impacts You: For employer-sponsored healthcare, costs to employees are expected to rise by a more modest 4.2%, according to a survey by healthcare consulting firm Mercer. But the smaller anticipated increase is based on an assumption that employees will be moved into plans with higher deductibles.
With premiums generally rising, especially for those not covered by an employer plan, it may make sense to open a health savings account (HSA) as long you meet eligibility guidelines, which are outlined at the HSA page on IRS.gov. An HSA offers tax breaks on contributions, much as a 401(k) or other retirement plan, as long as any withdrawals are used for medical expenses.
3. New Rule For Unconflicted Investment Advice
The U.S. Department of Labor is close to finalizing its “fiduciary rule,” which many would consider a positive development for anyone with a 401(k) or Individual Retirement Account (IRA).
According to a Reuters report, the rule would reshape the retirement advice business because it would require banks, brokers, mutual fund companies, and insurance agents to provide impartial advice in their client’s best interest, regardless of the fees and commissions earned on investments.
How This Impacts You: Anticipate more transparency and advice when it comes to any recommended investments, particularly those associated with higher fees and risk levels.
The rule is designed to also help to prevent instances of client steering, the most recent violation occurring when the SEC accused JPMorgan Chase brokers and advisors of directing clients to invest into its own, more expensive investment products over other choices, without providing the required conflict of interest disclosures. The bank is now paying $307 million to settle those accusations.
This year, anticipate higher healthcare costs, higher interest rates, and more transparency and advice concerning recommended investments in retirement accounts.
Those who stay informed about the how the changes can impact their personal financial circumstances will be better prepared in their short-term savings and long-term investments.
This article originally appeared on CNBC.com.