On Wednesday, the House and Senate passed a sweeping tax reform bill, and the president is signed the bill into law this morning. Betterment is busy digesting all of the changes to understand tax planning strategies that might make sense once the new law takes effect in 2018.
In the meantime, here are some time-sensitive planning opportunities you may want to take advantage of during the last few days of 2017. We encourage you to talk to a tax professional before making any tax moves, but these questions might help you start the conversation.
Situation: Did you pay more than $10,000 in state and local income tax in 2017?
Opportunity: If you aren’t subject to the alternative minimum tax, consider paying your 2017 tax liability, including Q4 estimate taxes, before the end of the year. Note that the final law blocks pre-paying 2018 income taxes. However, if you have 2018 property taxes that your town allows paying early, consider pre-paying them in 2017.
Situation: Are you planning to make charitable donations in 2018?
Opportunity: The new tax laws increase the standard deduction significantly, which means many people who itemized deductions in 2017, including charitable donations, will not benefit from the deduction in 2018. Consider making 2018 charitable donations in 2017 instead. Learn how to make a charitable donation from Betterment (our deadline is 12/28).
Situation: Do you have incentive stock options you’re planning to execute before year end?
Opportunity: Consider delaying excising them until 2018. The new AMT thresholds are much higher, so you could avoid having the stock option exercise trigger an AMT tax liability.
To learn more about how the new tax bill could impact you, listen to the latest episode of the Better Off podcast, where host Jill Schlesinger provides even more advice.