How Investors Are Feeling About COVID-19
Betterment examines how the COVID-19 crisis has and will continue to impact investors: their financial security, spending habits and reactions to the market turbulence.
Nobody knows for certain what the world will look like in the aftermath of the COVID-19 pandemic that has claimed and upended so many lives.
One thing that is certain is that the pandemic has already impacted the way people work, live, and assess their finances. As a company founded in the wake of the 2008 financial crisis, we know market turbulence is an inevitable part of a long-term investment strategy. But we also understand that that doesn’t make ups and downs any easier, and the emotional wear and tear of COVID can make rocky markets all the more challenging to stomach.
In the first report of a three-part series, Betterment examines how the COVID-19 crisis has and will continue to impact investors through their financial security, spending habits, and reactions to the market turbulence. Over the course of the next few months, we’ll be continuing to measure ongoing reactions and sentiment shifts as investors adjust to a changing economic environment.
- An online survey was conducted with a panel of potential respondents. The recruitment period was April 14 – April 16, 2020
- A total of 5,005 respondents living in the United States, who are invested in the markets completed the survey.
- The sample was provided by Market Cube, a research panel company. Panel respondents were invited to take the survey via an email invitation and were incentivized to participate via the panel’s established points program.
Has your income been directly impacted by COVID-19?
COVID-19 has had an immediate impact on investors’ financial security and confidence. More than half (54%) of all respondents had their income directly impacted as a result of COVID-19 and three-quarters said they are at least somewhat more stressed due to COVID-19 when it comes to their financial position and outlook.
Has your income been directly impacted by COVID-19?
Over a third of investors (34%) indicated they did not come into the COVID-19 pandemic with a sufficient emergency fund (i.e. three to six months of expenses in savings built up). Betterment, and most financial advisors, recommend having at least three months of expenses saved in a fund.
Top income impacts of COVID-19 across all investors
A good deal of unease around the pandemic stems from the unknown, and the inability to plan for or know what’s next. Most investors reported some form of increased uncertainty in their financial situation: more than half (52%) of respondents believe they’ll need to tap into their long-term savings in a year or less and 43% believe it will take six months or longer to recover financially from the financial impacts of the pandemic.
As a direct result of COVID-19, 18% of respondents have stopped saving and 21% have withdrawn from their savings account to cover regular expenses.
Pay cuts, furloughs, layoffs, and other income losses disproportionately impacted younger generations.
How do investors plan to spend their stimulus checks?
Investors who expected to receive a federal stimulus check indicated a variety of ways they planned to use that money: 27% planned to use their stimulus check to cover rent and/or utility bills, 28% planned to use it to pay off debt, and 41% planned to put their stimulus check into a safety net fund.
Traditionally, our advice is to put away any windfall into savings, like an emergency fund (after basic expenses and high-interest debt are covered), and 41% of investors did exactly that. But the purpose of the stimulus checks was to relieve short-term financial pressures and stimulate the economy through spending. While helpful, a one-time check is not enough to ease fears and create the “shot-in-the-arm” to the economy it’s intended to; the checks may not have reached their desired destination with the 41% of savers and 13% of other investors who stashed their cash for another day.
Top ways investors plan to spend their stimulus check
Have you taken money out of the market in the last few weeks?
In response to COVID-19’s impact on the market, 20% of investors surveyed report that they took money out of the market. When asked to select all the reasons they did so, investors were equally likely to select “to cover bills/necessary payments” as they were to select “to keep money safe from further losses,” showing these sell-offs are not primarily need-based, but also fear-based.
Have you taken money out of the market in the last few weeks (March to mid-April)?
When do you plan to reinvest the money you took out?
While we’re glad to see that the large majority of investors haven’t taken their money out of the market, we’d still like to see that 20% be closer to 0% (the exception being pulling from an invested safety net fund). Historically, downturns tend to have a temporary impact on economies and markets. The average bear market period lasted 1.4 years with an average cumulative loss of -41%, while the average bull market period lasted 9.1 years with an average cumulative return of 476%. Feeling some level of anxiety when the market drops is only natural, but investors who react by pulling money out of the market might be doing themselves a disservice in the long-run by costing themselves gains by waiting for the market to recover.
2008 Financial Crisis vs. COVID-19: Have investors responded differently this time?
Nearly half (47%) of the investors we surveyed reported that they were also investing during the crash of 2008, indicating that they are now investing through their second “once-in-a-lifetime” global financial crisis.
With that, we took a look at how investors who have been through a downturn reacted versus newer investors.
How investors who went through the 2008 financial crisis reacted to COVID-19, vs. new investors
You might think investors that have been through a downturn like this before would be less stressed or could better stomach losses, but this pandemic is unprecedented and we are all going through this together. The fact that there are not sizable differences in how veteran and newer investors reacted in regard to their finances shows that we’re all feeling pretty similar and this is new territory for everyone.
Our future reports plan to investigate market reaction trends over time, as COVID-19 and its financial impacts unfold.
We’ll be tracking whether people execute on the savings and investing actions they planned to, or if the financial impact of the virus only digs deeper into emergency funds and retirement accounts.
Whether it’s a breakdown of trust in the market or actual monetary losses, COVID-19’s impact on many investors will not be short lived. It’s only natural to want to react to market dips, but history has shown that investors are rewarded for shouldering market risk.
At Betterment, we think this will continue to be the case, even in these uncertain times. Founded in the wake of a major financial crisis, Betterment believes financial institutions should work harder for you. Learn more about our commitment to putting your money to work for you.
How would you like to get started?
Manage spending with Checking
Checking with a Visa® debit card for your daily spending.
Save cash and earn interest
Grow your cash savings for general use for upcoming expenses.
Invest for a long-term goal
Build wealth or plan for your next big purchase.
Invest for retirement
Set up traditional, Roth, or SEP IRAs to save for the golden years.